Acronyms

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A

AAIDD

American Association on Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities – an interdisciplinary association of professional and concerned individuals in the field of intellectual and developmental disabilities.

AAPD

American Association of People with Disabilities

ABA

Applied Behavior Analysis – a professional field that uses principles of leaning to increase performance of socially desireable behaviors. It always relies upon the collection of objective data to measure performance and the effectiveness of an intervention.

ACLU

American Civil Liberties Union

ACY

Advocates for Children and Youth, Inc. – a statewide nonprofit organization that provides education and advocacy around the needs of Maryland’s children and their families.

ADA

American with Disabilities Act – a federal law providing comprehensive civil rights protections for individuals with disabilities.

AIDD

Administration on Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities The federal agency responsible for overseeing activities under the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 1990.

ALU

Alternative Living Unit – a home where three or fewer people with disabilities reside

APSE

Association for Persons in Supported Employment – a national membership organization that promotes the concept of paid integrated employment and full community participation for all individuals.

ARD

Admission, Review, Dismissal – the part of the IEP process to determine placement in the least restrictive environment and discuss any additional services, supports, and/or modifications needed for IEP implementation

AUCD

Association of University Centers on Disabilities –

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B

BIP

Behavior Intervention Plan

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C

CAP

Client Assistance Program – provides information and intervention services to clients and applicants of DORS regarding benefits and services available under the Rehabilitation Act

CAP

Corrective Action Plan – The document setting out the means by which an education agency shall correct its deficiencies as determined by its monitoring agency. Rolex Replica watches

CCD

Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities – a national coalition comprised of over 75 consumers, service providers, and professional organizations which advocates on behalf of people with disabilities and their families

CIL

Centers for Independent Living – in MD: SILC, Independence Now, The FreedomCenter.

CMS

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services – the federal agency responsible for Social Security and Medicaid.

COMAR

Code of Maryland Administrative Regulations

CP

Cerebral Palsy

CSLA

Community Supported Living Arrangements

CTE

Center for Technology and Education at Johns Hopkins University.

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D

DD Act

Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act

DD

Developmental Disability or Developmental Delay for children 0-8 in Maryland.

DDA

Developmental Disabilities Administration – the principal state agency providing funding for services to persons with developmental disabilities

DDC

Developmental Disabilities Councils (now referred to as Councils on Developmental Disabilities) – the federally funded state organization authorized in the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 to provide advocacy, policy analysis and planning, and ensure comprehensive services for persons with developmental disabilities.

DHCD

Department of Housing and Community Development

DHMH

Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

DHR

Department of Human Resources – the state agency serving Maryland’s citizens in economic and social matters. Includes, Social Services Administration, Income Maintenance Administration and Community Services Administration.

DORS

Department of Rehabilitation Services

DSA

Designated State Agency – the Maryland Department of Disabilities is the DSA for the Maryland Developmental Disability Council.

DSM

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association.

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E

EAC

Education Advocacy Coalition

ECAC

Early Childhood Advisory Council

EEOC

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

EI

Early Intervention – Individualized services for infants and toddlers who are at risk for or are showing signs of developmental delay.

EIS

Early Intervention Services

EPSDT

Early & Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment

ESEA

Elementary & Secondary Education Act

ESY

Extended School Year – Special education and related services provided beyond the normal school year, in accordance the the child’s IEP and at no cost to the parents.

ETA

Employment and Training Administration – Provides specialized employment and training services for individuals with disabilities.

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F

FAPE

Free and Appropriate Public Education

FBA

Functional Behavioral Assessment

FERPA

Family Educational Rights Privacy Act

FSS

Family Support Services

FY

Fiscal Year

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G

GOC

Governor’s Office for Children.

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H

HCBS

Home and Community Based Services

HUD

Housing and Urban Development.

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I

ICC

Interagency Coordinating Council – advising body to cabinet secretaries from the departments of Education, Health and Human Services, Agriculture, Defense, and the Interior, and the commissioner of the SSA. It makes recommendations to the federal agencies working to improve opportunities to children with disabilities, including suggestions to eliminate barriers to interagency programs. The FICC serves as the mechanism to facilitate coordination of federal resources to ensure that young children (birth to age 5) with, or at risk for, disabilities and their families get the early intervention and preschool services and supports that they need.

ICF/DD

Intermediate Care Facility

ID

Intellectual Disability

IEP

Individualized Education Program – a written statement for a child with a disability that is developed and implemented in accordance with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

IFC

Individual Family Care

IFSP

Individualized Family Service Plan – a written plan describing the infant’s current level of development; the family’s strengths and needs related to enhancement of the infant’s development; goals for the infant and the other family members; and the specific early intervention services needed to meet the goals.

IHE

Institutes of Higher Education

IP

Individual Plan – the document which becomes the basis for services & support for someone.

IRWE

Impairment Related Work Expense – (a Social Security Administration work incentive) services or equipment, needed for a person to work because of a disability, which are paid for by the worker, such as wheelchair transportation, vehicle modifications, adaptive equipment, attendant care, medications and job coaching

ISS

Individual Support Services

IWRP

Individualized Written Rehabilitation Program – the primary tool used by the vocational rehabilitation counselor and the prospective supported employee to identify the goal, content, cost, duration and sponsor(s) of substantial services.

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L

LD

Learning Disability

LEA

Local Education Agency.

LISS

Low Intensity Support Services

LMB

Local Management Board

LRE

Least Restrictive Environment

LSS

LocalSchool Systems

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M

MA

Medical Assistance

MACS

Maryland Association of Community Services

MAPC

Medical Assistance Personal Care Program

MCCR

Maryland Commission on Civil Rights

MCDD

Maryland Center for Developmental Disabilities

MCIE

Maryland Coalition for Inclusive Education, Inc. – a nonprofit organization dedicated to the inclusion of students with disabilities in their neighborhood schools.

MDLC

Maryland Disability Law Center – the organization designated as the State Protection and Advocacy System for protecting and advocating for the rights of children and adults with disabilities.

MDOD

Maryland Department of Disabilities

MDOT

Maryland Department of Transportation

MDREA

Maryland Rehabilitation and Employment Association, Inc. – a non-profit membership association dedicated to promoting quality employment opportunities for people who have disabilities.

MDTAP

Maryland Technology Assistance Program

MHA

Mental Hygiene Administration

MITP

Maryland Infants and Toddlers Program

MM!MD

Medicaid Matters Maryland

MSDE

Maryland State Department of Education.

MTA

Mass Transit Administration

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N

NACDD

National Association of Councils on Developmental Disabilities

NCD

National Council on Disability

NCIL

National Council on Independent Living

NCPIE

National Coalition for Parent Involvement in Education

NDRN

National Disability Rights Network

NDSU

National Disabled Student Union

NICHCY

National Information Center for Children & Youth with Disabilities

NIDRR

National Institute on Disability & Rehabilitation Research.

NIH

National Institutes of Health – the steward of medical and behavioral research for the Nation. It is an Agency under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

NOD

National Organization on Disability

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O

OCC

Office of Childcare

OCR

Office of Civil Rights (U.S.) – promotes and ensures that people have equal access to and opportunity to participate in and receive services through the prevention and elimination of unlawful discrimination.

ODEP

Office of Disability Employment Policy – ODEP’s mission is to provide leadership to increase employment opportunities for adults and youth with disabilities. ODEP is a federal agency in the Department of Labor.

OGPSHCN

Office of Genetics & People with Special Health Care Needs.

OSEP

Office of Special Education Programs (U.S.)

OSERS

Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services – the federal agency responsible for special education programs and services designed to meet the needs and develop the full potential of children with disabilities. OSERS provides support for training of teachers and other professional persons and grants for research.

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P

P&A

Protection and Advocacy System – an independent system to protect and advocate for the rights of persons with developmental disabilities.

P.L.

Public Law

PA

Personal Assistant

PAS

Personal Assistance Services

PASS

Plan to Achieve Self- Support – (a Social Security Administration work incentive) a way in which a person with a disability or blindness uses or sets aside income or resources to reach a work goal. For example, a person could set aside money for an education or a training program or to start a business.

PBIS

Positive Behavioral Interventions & Supports

PCA

Personal Care Assistant

PCA

Personal Care Attendant

POG

People On the Go – Statewide Advocacy Organization

PTI

ParentTraining & InformationCenter – Parents Place of Maryland serves as the PTI in this state.

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R

RFP

Request for Proposals

RRTC

Rehabilitation Research and TrainingCenters – centers that receive federal funding to conduct research and provide professional training in such diverse areas as sensory disorders, traumatic brain injury, and the rehabilitation needs of our aging disabled population (supported by NIDRR)

RSA

Rehabilitation Services Administration – the federal agency that provides funding to state rehabilitation programs for people with disabilities to enter competitive employment.

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S

SCC

State Coordinating Council for the Residential Placement of Disabled Children – the state agency that oversees the placement of children into nonpublic residential centers (located in GOCYF)

SECAC

Special Education Citizen’s Advisory Committee.

SESAC

SpecialEducationState Advisory Committee

SGA

Substantial Gainful Activity

SICC

State Interagency Coordinating Council

SILC

Statewide Independent Living Council

SRC

State Residential Centers.

SSA

Social Security Administration

SSDI

Social Security Disability Insurance – an insurance program for former workers who have become disabled, and for disabled adult children of workers who are retired, disabled or deceased.

SSI

Supplemental Security Income – A Social Security Administration program that provides monthly payments to aged, blind and disabled people with limited income and resources (assets)

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T

TA

Technical Assistance

TWWIIA

Ticket to Work and Workforce Investment Improvement Act – a federal program that allows states to expand Medicaid health care coverage so that people with disabilities who work can “buy-in” to health insurance. It enables people with disabilities to go to work (or to work more hours) without risking the loss of necessary health care services available through the Medicaid program.

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U

UCEDD

University Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities – a program, college or university which provides for interdisciplinary training, demonstration of exemplary services, technical assistance and dissemination of findings (in accordance with the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 1990).

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W

WIA

Workforce Investment Act – Ensures that employees with disabilities have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to that of other employees. This also applies to members of the public seeking information or services from a Federal department or agency.

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Y

YLF

Youth Leadership Forum

A man with a developmental disability petting a dog

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