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Acronyms

The following acronyms are related to Developmental Disabilities and compiled by the Maryland Developmental Disabilities Council.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

A
AAIDD American Association on Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities – an interdisciplinary association of professional and concerned individuals in the field of intellectual and developmental disabilities.
AAPD American Association of People with Disabilities
ABA Applied Behavior Analysis – a professional field that uses principles of leaning to increase performance of socially desireable behaviors. It always relies upon the collection of objective data to measure performance and the effectiveness of an intervention.
ACLU American Civil Liberties Union
ACY Advocates for Children and Youth, Inc. – a statewide nonprofit organization that provides education and advocacy around the needs of Maryland’s children and their families.
ADA American with Disabilities Act – a federal law providing comprehensive civil rights protections for individuals with disabilities.
AIDD Administration on Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities The federal agency responsible for overseeing activities under the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 1990.
ALU Alternative Living Unit – a home where three or fewer people with disabilities reside
APSE Association for Persons in Supported Employment – a national membership organization that promotes the concept of paid integrated employment and full community participation for all individuals.
ARD Admission, Review, Dismissal – the part of the IEP process to determine placement in the least restrictive environment and discuss any additional services, supports, and/or modifications needed for IEP implementation
AUCD Association of University Centers on Disabilities
B
BIP Behavior Intervention Plan
C
CAP Client Assistance Program – provides information and intervention services to clients and applicants of DORS regarding benefits and services available under the Rehabilitation Act
CAP Corrective Action Plan – The document setting out the means by which an education agency shall correct its deficiencies as determined by its monitoring agency. Rolex Replica watches
CCD Consortium for Citizens with Disabilities – a national coalition comprised of over 75 consumers, service providers, and professional organizations which advocates on behalf of people with disabilities and their families
CIL Centers for Independent Living – in MD: SILC, Independence Now, The FreedomCenter.
CMS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services – the federal agency responsible for Social Security and Medicaid.
COMAR Code of Maryland Administrative Regulations
CP Cerebral Palsy
CSLA Community Supported Living Arrangements
CTE Center for Technology and Education at Johns Hopkins University.
D
DD Developmental Disability or Developmental Delay for children 0-8 in Maryland.
DD Act Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act
DDA Developmental Disabilities Administration – the principal state agency providing funding for services to persons with developmental disabilities
DDC Developmental Disabilities Councils (now referred to as Councils on Developmental Disabilities) – the federally funded state organization authorized in the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000 to provide advocacy, policy analysis and planning, and ensure comprehensive services for persons with developmental disabilities.
DHCD Department of Housing and Community Development
DHMH Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
DHR Department of Human Resources – the state agency serving Maryland’s citizens in economic and social matters. Includes, Social Services Administration, Income Maintenance Administration and Community Services Administration.
DORS Department of Rehabilitation Services
DSA Designated State Agency – the Maryland Department of Disabilities is the DSA for the Maryland Developmental Disability Council.
DSM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association.
E
EAC Education Advocacy Coalition
ECAC Early Childhood Advisory Council
EEOC U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
EI Early Intervention – Individualized services for infants and toddlers who are at risk for or are showing signs of developmental delay.
EIS Early Intervention Services
EPSDT Early & Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment
ESEA Elementary & Secondary Education Act
ESY Extended School Year – Special education and related services provided beyond the normal school year, in accordance the the child’s IEP and at no cost to the parents.
ETA Employment and Training Administration – Provides specialized employment and training services for individuals with disabilities.
F
FAPE Free and Appropriate Public Education
FBA Functional Behavioral Assessment
FERPA Family Educational Rights Privacy Act
FSS Family Support Services
FY Fiscal Year
G
GOC Governor’s Office for Children.
H
HCBS Home and Community Based Services
HUD Housing and Urban Development.
I
ICC Interagency Coordinating Council – advising body to cabinet secretaries from the departments of Education, Health and Human Services, Agriculture, Defense, and the Interior, and the commissioner of the SSA. It makes recommendations to the federal agencies working to improve opportunities to children with disabilities, including suggestions to eliminate barriers to interagency programs. The FICC serves as the mechanism to facilitate coordination of federal resources to ensure that young children (birth to age 5) with, or at risk for, disabilities and their families get the early intervention and preschool services and supports that they need.
ICF/DD Intermediate Care Facility
ID Intellectual Disability
IEP Individualized Education Program – a written statement for a child with a disability that is developed and implemented in accordance with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
IFC Individual Family Care
IFSP Individualized Family Service Plan – a written plan describing the infant’s current level of development; the family’s strengths and needs related to enhancement of the infant’s development; goals for the infant and the other family members; and the specific early intervention services needed to meet the goals.
IHE Institutes of Higher Education
IRWE Impairment Related Work Expense – (a Social Security Administration work incentive) services or equipment, needed for a person to work because of a disability, which are paid for by the worker, such as wheelchair transportation, vehicle modifications, adaptive equipment, attendant care, medications and job coaching
IP Individual Plan – the document which becomes the basis for services & support for someone.
ISS Individual Support Services
IWRP Individualized Written Rehabilitation Program – the primary tool used by the vocational rehabilitation counselor and the prospective supported employee to identify the goal, content, cost, duration and sponsor(s) of substantial services.
L
LD Learning Disability
LEA Local Education Agency.
LISS Low Intensity Support Services
LMB Local Management Board
LSS LocalSchool Systems
LRE Least Restrictive Environment
M
MA Medical Assistance
MACS Maryland
Association of Community Services
MAPC Medical Assistance Personal Care Program
MCCR Maryland Commission on Civil Rights
MCDD Maryland Center for Developmental Disabilities
MCIE Maryland Coalition for Inclusive Education, Inc. – a nonprofit organization dedicated to the inclusion of students with disabilities in their neighborhood schools.
MDLC Maryland Disability Law Center – the organization designated as the State Protection and Advocacy System for protecting and advocating for the rights of children and adults with disabilities.
MDOD Maryland Department of Disabilities
MDOT Maryland Department of Transportation
MDREA Maryland Rehabilitation and Employment Association, Inc. – a non-profit membership association dedicated to promoting quality employment opportunities for people who have disabilities.
MDTAP Maryland Technology Assistance Program
MHA Mental Hygiene Administration
MITP Maryland Infants and Toddlers Program
MM!MD Medicaid Matters Maryland
MSDE Maryland State Department of Education.
MTA Mass Transit Administration
N
NACDD National Association of Councils on Developmental Disabilities
NCIL National Council on Independent Living
NCD National Council on Disability
NCPIE National Coalition for Parent Involvement in Education
NDRN National Disability Rights Network
NDSU National Disabled Student Union
NICHCY National Information Center for Children & Youth with Disabilities
NIDRR National Institute on Disability & Rehabilitation Research.
NIH National Institutes of Health – the steward of medical and behavioral research for the Nation. It is an Agency under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
NOD National Organization on Disability
O
OCC Office of Childcare
OCR Office of Civil Rights (U.S.) – promotes and ensures that people have equal access to and opportunity to participate in and receive services through the prevention and elimination of unlawful discrimination.
ODEP Office of Disability Employment Policy – ODEP’s mission is to provide leadership to increase employment opportunities for adults and youth with disabilities. ODEP is a federal agency in the Department of Labor.
OGPSHCN Office of Genetics & People with Special Health Care Needs.
OSEP Office of Special Education Programs (U.S.)
OSERS Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services – the federal agency responsible for special education programs and services designed to meet the needs and develop the full potential of children with disabilities. OSERS provides support for training of teachers and other professional persons and grants for research.
P
PAS Personal Assistance Services
PBIS Positive Behavioral Interventions & Supports
PCA Personal Care Assistant
P.L. Public Law
P&A Protection and Advocacy System – an independent system to protect and advocate for the rights of persons with developmental disabilities.
PASS Plan to Achieve Self- Support – (a Social Security Administration work incentive) a way in which a person with a disability or blindness uses or sets aside income or resources to reach a work goal. For example, a person could set aside money for an education or a training program or to start a business.
PA Personal Assistant
PCA Personal Care Attendant
POG People On the Go – Statewide Advocacy Organization
PTI ParentTraining & InformationCenter – Parents Place of Maryland serves as the PTI in this state.
R
RFP Request for Proposals
RRTC Rehabilitation Research and TrainingCenters – centers that receive federal funding to conduct research and provide professional training in such diverse areas as sensory disorders, traumatic brain injury, and the rehabilitation needs of our aging disabled population (supported by NIDRR)
RSA Rehabilitation Services Administration – the federal agency that provides funding to state rehabilitation programs for people with disabilities to enter competitive employment.
S
SCC State Coordinating Council for the Residential Placement of Disabled Children – the state agency that oversees the placement of children into nonpublic residential centers (located in GOCYF)
SECAC Special Education Citizen’s Advisory Committee.
SESAC SpecialEducationState Advisory Committee
SGA Substantial Gainful Activity
SICC State Interagency Coordinating Council
SILC Statewide Independent Living Council
SRC State Residential Centers.
SSA Social Security Administration
SSDI Social Security Disability Insurance – an insurance program for former workers who have become disabled, and for disabled adult children of workers who are retired, disabled or deceased.
SSI Supplemental Security Income – A Social Security Administration program that provides monthly payments to aged, blind and disabled people with limited income and resources (assets)
T
TA Technical Assistance
TWWIIA Ticket to Work and Workforce Investment Improvement Act – a federal program that allows states to expand Medicaid health care coverage so that people with disabilities who work can “buy-in” to health insurance. It enables people with disabilities to go to work (or to work more hours) without risking the loss of necessary health care services available through the Medicaid program.
U
UCEDD University Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities – a program, college or university which provides for interdisciplinary training, demonstration of exemplary services, technical assistance and dissemination of findings (in accordance with the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 1990).
W
WIA Workforce Investment Act – Ensures that employees with disabilities have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to that of other employees. This also applies to members of the public seeking information or services from a Federal department or agency.
Y
YLF Youth Leadership Forum
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